fakenews  Articles

1. Case Studies


De l’extrême-droite américaine à WikiLeaks, l’incroyable parcours des «Macron Leaks», accessed 14 January 2018

Emmanuel Macron promises ban on fake news during elections, accessed 14 January 2018 Ce leak est fait pour creer le chaos

Ce leak est fait pour creer le chaos, accessed 14 january 2018 Nicolas Vanderbiest «Wikileaks joue clairement un rôle dans la propagation des Macronleaks»

Vanderbiest Macronleaks – Liberation, accessed 14 january 2018

Macron décodeur-en-chef accessed 22 january 2018



One Of The Biggest Alternative Media Networks In Italy Is Spreading Anti-Immigrant News And Misinformation On Facebook, accessed 14 january 2018

Italy, Bracing for Electoral Season of Fake News, Demands Facebook’s Help, accessed 14 january 2018   US elections 2016

Fake News: Στο μικρό χωριό Βέλες,accessed 14 january 2018


US Irak war 2003

FROM THE EDITORS; The Times and Iraq, accessed 22 february 2018 Culture




Britain sets up dedicated unit to fight fake news, disinformation, accessed 22 February 2018



Fake News catcher του Υπουργείου Παιδείας, accessed 25 March 2018

Στο ναδίρ η εμπιστοσύνη για τα ελληνικά ΜΜΕ, accessed 25 March 2018 (based on Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2017, accessed 25 March 2018)


2. General

Fake news? There’s nothing new about it,accessed 14 january 2018

Samantha Power: Why Foreign Propaganda Is More Dangerous Now, accessed 14 january 2018

Why Fake News Spreads So Fast on Facebook, accessed 14 january 2018

Attorney Plotting ‘Legal Takedown’ of CNN For ‘Fake News’, accessed 14 January 2018

The Media Is the Villain – for Creating a World Dumb Enough for Trump, accessed 14 January 2018,

This could make creating convincing fake news videos too easy, accessed 14 January 2018

Facebook promised to tackle fake news. But the evidence shows it’s not working, accessed 14 January 2018

Fake News, αυτή η μάστιγα! Τι λένε στη ΗuffPost Αμερικανοί και Ευρωπαίοι δημοσιογράφοι για τη μάχη ενάντια στις ψευδείς ειδήσεις,  accessed 22 February 2018

«Fake news» contre mensonges d’État, accessed 22 February 2018 [extrait]  

False news stories travel faster and farther on Twitter than the truth, accessed 9 March 2018

Alex Jones and the illusory truth effect,explained,  accessed 9 March 2018

What is the place of conspiracy fiction in the era of fake news? accessed 25 March 2018


3. Temoignages

Experience: I write fake news, accessed 22 february 2018

These Two Teenagers Keep Fooling The Internet With Justin Trudeau Hoaxes, accessed 22 february 2018



EBU, Fake News Survey,accessed 14 january 2018

Seven studies about mis- and disinformation from 2017, accessed 22 february 2018

Council of Europe, Information disorder, accessed 27 february 2018

Implausibility and Illusory Truth: Prior Exposure Increases Perceived Accuracy of Fake News but Has No Effect on Entirely Implausible Statements, The spread of true and false news online,  accessed 9 march 2018



Unesco, Countering Online Hate Speech, accessed 14 january 2018

A Short Guide to History of Fake News and Disinformation_ICFJ Final.pdf



Policies: online platforms  MULTI-STAKEHOLDER CONFERENCE ON FAKE NEWS, 13-11-2017, 09:30 to 13:00, webcast, accessed 27 February  2018

MULTI-STAKEHOLDER CONFERENCE ON FAKE NEWS, 13-11-2017, 13:00 to 18:00, webcast, accessed 27 February  2018

2nd Multistakeholder meeting on Fake News, 27-02-2018, 15:00 to 18:00, webcast, accessed 27 February  2018

Commission expert group pressures tech platforms to stop ‘fake news’ advertising, accessed 25 March 2018


General – Propaganda

Πέμπτη Φάλαγγα, accessed 14 january 2018

The Propaganda Model Revisited, accessed 29 July 2018


Ακροδεξιά Λαϊκισμός

Why the Right Is Dominating YouTube, accessed 14 January 2018 Chatham House,

In 2018, Europe’s Populist Challenges Will Continue, accessed 14 january 2018

Facebook Made This Sketchy Website’s Fake Story A Top Trending Topic, accessed 22 february 2018



Librarians in Seattle Are Teaching Little Kids To Identify Fake News WTF is fake news?, accessed 14 January 2018

Η επικίνδυνη επιρροή των fake news, accessed 22 February 2018



How false news can spread – Noah Tavlin, accessed 22 February 2018

Τhe truth about fake news and how to protect against it, accessed 16 March 2018

Fake news wasn’t the biggest media problem of 2016, accessed 16 March 2018

How Real Is Fake News?, accessed 16 March 2018

Here’s How Fake News Works (and How the Internet Can Stop It), accessed 16 March 2018

Study: Most Students Cannot Distinguish Fake and Real News, accessed 16 March 2018


Software – Initiatives

http://fighthoax.com, accessed 22 February 2018 Verification training for journalists,

https://firstdraftnews.org/learn, accessed 22 February 2018

Le Monde, Les decodeurs, accessed 22 February 2018  

First draft, accessed 22 February 2018

Lie Detectors, accessed 22 February 2018

This Online Game Teaches You How To Create Effective ‘Fake News’, accessed 25 March 2018

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